Policy Analysis

Understand, gather, and evaluate qualitative and quantitative evidence to conduct relevant policy analyses, to support public policy processes.



Competency Area

Public Policy


Understands and and is able to describe key elements of policy analysis

Understands that policy analysis can be ex-ante and ex-post (analysis before a policy decision is made and analysis after policy implementation)

Lists key elements of a policy analysis (policy goals, means for achieving goals, alternate methods for achieving goals, etc.)

Exhibits awareness of the three approaches to policy analysis (analysis-centric, policy process, meta-policy)

Differentiates between types of evidence (qualitative and quantitative), form of evidence (indicators and descriptors), and the use of evidence (direct, indirect, negative) in policy analysis

Is able to describe the role of policy monitoring and evaluation processes in conducting policy analysis

Identifies what policy analysis to use based on policy problem

Demonstrates that policy analysis can be used across the stages of a policy life-cycle

Categorises tools and techniques of policy analysis (cost-benefit analysis, critical path method, etc.) into their elements (policy goals, means for achieving goals, etc.)

Identifies what policy analysis approach to use, based on the policy problem

Documents relevant evidence-based models for policy analysis (process model, group model, rational model, etc.)

Conducts preliminary cleaning of data based on policy monitoring and evaluation processes

Generates evidence to support policy analysis

Determines qualities of an effective policy analysis (reliable, detailed, lead to demonstrable improvements, etc.)

Incorporates policy analysis techniques to interpret intended and unintended consequences of a policy

Frames policy problems, keeping in mind their influence on the approach, results, and techniques of policy analysis

Adapts evidence-based models to the types of policies and stakeholders engaged in policy analysis

Generates qualitative and quantitative evidence from monitoring and evaluation processes to support policy analysis

Conducts policy analysis

Conducts policy analysis in real-life conditions (lack of evidence, pre-decided priorities that need to be aligned with conclusions, etc.)

Undertakes an iterative process of policy analysis by investigating unintended consequences

Evaluates policy problems through shifting perspectives (policy beneficiary, administrator, regulator, etc.)

Applies frameworks and methods to evidence, to generate relevant policy analyses

Formulates evidence-based policy recommendations stemming from ex-ante and ex-post policy analysis

Informs policy analysis discussions in India

Informs contemporary discussions on policy analysis in India, with a focus on evolution and trends

Advocates that policy analysis interpretations and intentions go hand-in-hand (causal versus intentional explanations)

Encourages policy problems and analysis that are dynamic and responsive to needs and circumstances

Communicates policy analysis to relevant stakeholders

Defends policy analysis using elements that can help understand implicit details