Psychological Formulation

Develop psychological formulations that are informed by theories and evidences about relevant individual, systemic, cultural and biological factors



Competency Area

Psychological Practice


Articulate client issues and needs and formulate appropriate intervention

Identify potential psychological issues present in the case

Discuss diagnostic formulation and case conceptualisation with one’s supervisor

Discuss how interventions are derived from assessments with one’s supervisor

Incorporate evidence-based multi-disciplinary approaches to psychological formulations

Plan interventions and set goals based on formulations

Utilise theoretical frameworks with an evidence-based and multi-model perspective to inform formulations and choice of interventions

Consider and integrate multidisciplinary perspectives in the formulations

Recognise the implications of client and assessment factors

Recognise the limitations of the evidence available

Adapt formulations to suit circumstances and context of the client, accounting for individual, systemic, cultural and biological factors

Express formulations in an accessible language and in a non- discriminatory manner

Discuss impact of case formulations on intervention planning

Contextualize variables for integration into psychological formulations and intervention plans

Translate knowledge of evidence-based practices into intervention planning

Incorporate presenting variables relating to the client, including cognitive deficit, personality and trauma, to inform intervention strategies and planning

Identify breadth of contextual variables that influence intervention and consider them for inclusion in intervention approaches

Integrate assessment data from different sources and modalities to develop a working models of the aetiology and maintenance of current psychological functioning

Ensure formulation is consistent with a modality’s main ethos and theoretical framework

Negotiate mutually agreeable terms and conditions with the client and caregivers for interventions within ethical boundaries

Evaluate psychological formulations and ensure validity of formulations

Evaluate psychological and other relevant research and evidence- based hypotheses to inform psychological formulations

Evaluate the potential validity and reliability of psychological formulations

Integrate perspectives from different areas in psychology and/or specialised knowledge into psychological formulations

Provide various perspectives from different areas in psychology to guide psychologists in the formulations

Balance different factors in intervention planning, including client preferences, multidisciplinary perspectives, contextual information, and medical and legal complications

Provide clinical judgement for complex cases

Advise on psychological formulations and approaches

Perform role as a knowledge broker for the appraisal and selection of evidence-based intervention approaches/programmes

Initiate the review of psychological formulations to ensure quality standards are met

Evaluate clinical judgments for complex cases

Mediate between differences in formulations